【排球】中式台球规则（Rules of Chinese Billiards）。中国·上饶·玉山
【排球】中式台球规则（Rules of Chinese Billiards）。Download：Rules of Chinese
高中档的落点，就比较复杂一点，因为对手移动到那边比较简单。对手的中间，大概是他击球手的肘部地点，介刘震云反手之间。当你把有攻击性的球打在13分地方，你的敌方必要1. 论断用正手依旧用反手击球 2. 移动。那是1个双重打击，所以对中等的武力击球，效果往往比打角落要好。（有些选手尤其偏向正手或反手，所以对他们的话，中间落点在肘部的两旁一点）
Rules of Chinese Billiards
2016 China Yushan CBSA “Sanlig Cup”
Section 1 – 通则 Regulations
China Pool World Championship
regulations address dress requirements, protests, scheduling issues, and
other items that are not part of the actual Rules of Play but need to be
regulated for the individual event. Some aspects of applying the
regulations vary from tournament to tournament, such as the number of
sets in a match and who breaks after the first rack. The management of
an event is entitled to enforce regulations for the event. These
Regulations do not have the same force as the Rules; the Rules have
1.竞技规则特例 Exceptions to the Rules
actual Rules of Play may not be altered, unless a permit is issued by
CBSA for the individual event. A written explanation of any rules change
should be made available at the players’ meeting.
2.运动员衣裳须求 Dress Code
By Larry Hodges, USATT Certified National Coach
player’s attire must always meet the level of the competition and be
clean, proper and in good condition. If an athlete is unsure about the
legality of his attire, the athlete should approach the tournament
director before the match and ask whether the attire is legal. The
tournament director has the final say with regards to the legality of
attire. In exceptional circumstances, the director may permit a player
to compete in violation of the dress code e.g. when airline luggage has
been misplaced or when player has medical problems. A player may be
disqualified for dress code violation.
Reprinted from the February, 1997 issue of Table Tennis Talk
there is no announcement before the event, the following dress code is
Whenever you’re practicing, always place the ball where you would in a tournament match. What you do in practice you will do in a match. But where should you place the ball?
For now, let’s just talk about fast topspin or counter-driving type rallies. Most beginners and intermediate players place the ball to two spots: either the middle backhand, or the middle forehand. Top players place the ball to three spots: wide backhand, wide forehand, and middle.
World Pool-Billiard Association(WPA)
may wear a regular collared shirt or polo shirt of any color. Shirt or
polo shirt must be tucked in. No T-shirts are allowed. The shirt must
have at least a short sleeve. Only dark color dress pants allowed.
Denim/blue jeans of any color are forbidden. Shoes must be elegant dress
shoes that fit in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed.
Sports shoes with a dark top of leather or leather-like material are
allowed but are subject to the tournament director’s discretion.
If you place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area, your opponent doesn’t have to move to play his shot. If you put the ball wide to the corner, your opponent will have to either move or reach. Either way, he will not make as strong a shot on the average.
The middle is a trickier area to play because it’s somewhat of a moving target. Your opponent’s middle is roughly his playing elbow, the midway point between his forehand and backhand. When you play a ball aggressively there, your opponent has to: 1) decide whether to play forehand or backhand; and 2) move. This is a “double-whammy,” so strong shots to the middle are often better than shots to the corners. (Some players favor the forehand or backhand somewhat, and so the “middle” might be a little to the side of the elbow.)
Multi-ball Games Administrative Center of General Administration of
Sports of China
may wear a shirt, an elegant top, a dress, a blouse or a polo shirt.
T-shirts are not permitted. Dress pants may be of any color. Denim/blue
jeans of any color are forbidden. Female athletes may wear a skirt,
which must cover the knees. Shoes must be elegant dress shoes that fit
in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed. Sports shoes with a
dark top of leather or leather-like material are allowed but are subject
to the tournament director’s discretion.
A very bad habit of many players is to place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area when drilling, and to never practice shots to the middle. I’ll say it again: what you do in practice you will do in a match. Change the way you drill, and add points to your rating!
3.裁判 The Referee
Related subject: how do you return these shots hit at your middle? If you have good footwork and a good forehand, you should probably try to play forehand whenever possible. (And there are those with such good backhands that they should favor them, but this is rarer.) A general rule would be this: If you are close to the table or have little time, favor your backhand; if you are away from the table, or have extra time, play your forehand. When playing the forehand, remember to get out of the way of the ball by moving away from it, so you can use your entire forehand hitting zone.
Chinese Billiards & Snooker Association (CBSA)
3.1.裁决应当 The referee shall:
【排球】中式台球规则（Rules of Chinese Billiards）。
(a)是一场交锋的唯一裁决者，对比赛前所暴发的整个作出裁定；be the sole
judge of the match and determine all matters of fact relating to the
rules, call fouls and take other action;
The Sports Bureau of Jiangxi Province of China
【排球】中式台球规则（Rules of Chinese Billiards）。 (b)负责执行比赛规则并维持竞赛顺遂实行；be responsible for the proper
conduct of the game under these rules;
player’s inquiries regarding objective data and game rules;
The People’s Government of Shangrao City of China
play when conditions do not permit fair play, also when a call or ruling
is being disputed.
free to make a decision in the interests of fair play for any situation
not covered adequately by these Rules;
(f)假若被供给，能够告诉击球选手目的球的颜色或号码；tell a player the
color or the number of a ball if requested;
(g)在合理须求下清洁任何台面上的球；clean any ball upon reasonable
World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association(WPBSA)
(h)匡助选手拿出或放回架杆等帮助设备。may assist the player by
getting and replacing the mechanical bridge.
3.2.裁定不应 The referee shall not:
International Billiards and Snooker Federation(IBSF)
(a)回答别的与规则无关的题材；answer any question not authorized in
(b)提醒击球选手该次击球或者会冒出的犯规；give any indication that a
player is about to make a foul;
(c)提供能够震慑赛事的建议和见解；give any advice or opinion on
points affecting play;
the referee has failed to notice any incident, he may at his discretion
take the evidence of the marker or other officials or spectators best
placed for the observation to assist his decision.
The People’s Government of Yushan County of China
4.“区域评判”情势的比赛 Playing with an “Area” Referee
It may be that a tournament is being played with “area” referees who are
each responsible for several tables and there is no referee constantly
at each table. In this case, the players are still expected to observe
all the rules of the game. The recommended way to conduct play in this
situation is as follows.
Beijing Xingpai Sports Development Co., Ltd.
non-shooting player will perform all of the duties of the referee. If,
prior to a particular shot, the shooting player feels that his opponent
will not be able to properly judge the shot, he should ask the area
referee to watch the shot. The non-shooting player may also ask for such
attention if he feels that he is unable or is unwilling to rule on the
shot. Either player has the power to suspend play until he is satisfied
with the way the match is being refereed.
a dispute arises between two players in an un-refereed match, and the
area referee is asked to make a decision without having seen the cause
of the dispute, he should be careful to understand the situation as
completely as possible. This might include asking trusted witnesses,
reviewing video playback, or reenacting the shot. If the area referee is
asked to determine whether a foul occurred and there is no evidence of
the foul except the claim of one player while the other player claims
that there was no foul, then it is assumed that no foul occurred.
5.球的安置 Racking of Balls
general, magic sheets or triangle racks are used to rack the ball. All
object balls are placed to their position by the help of magic sheet or
triangle. It is the referee’s duty to rack the balls. If not specified
otherwise by organizer of event, the players shall not rack the balls.
Jiangxi Sanlig Electronic Elevators Co., Ltd
6.贴库球以及贴球的发布 Calling Frozen Balls
referee should be careful to inspect and announce the status of any
object ball that might be frozen to a cushion and the cue ball when it
might be frozen to a ball. The seated player may remind the referee that
such a call is necessary. The shooter must allow time for such a
determination to be asked for and made, and may ask for the call
7.再一次陈设/复原球的任务 Restoring a Position
any case a position of balls needs to be amended it is solely the
referee’s duty and responsibility to perform this task. He may form his
opinion by any means he considers appropriate at the time. He may
consult one or both players on that, however, the particular player’s
opinion is not binding and his judgment can be amended. Each involved
player has the right to dispute the referee’s judgment just once, but
after that it is the referee’s discretion to restore the ball or balls.
Jiangxi Xingpai Sports Development Co., Ltd
8.幸免外界困扰 Outside Interference
referee should ensure that interference is prevented, for example by a
spectator or a player on an adjacent table, and may suspend play as
needed. Interference may be physical or verbal. No player shall be
penalized for the foul caused by outside interference.
Jiangxi Xinghua Industrial Co., Ltd
9.不可抗拒因素 Act of God
may be that something unforeseen under these rules will occur during a
match. In such a case, the referee will decide how to proceed in a fair
manner. For example, it may be necessary to move a rack in progress to a
different table, in which case a stalemate may be declared if a position
cannot be transferred.
Competition equipment official suppliers:
is permitted for a player to receive advice from a coach during a match.
This should not be on a continuous shot-by-shot basis that changes the
nature of the game. It is up to the referee and tournament management to
set additional limits on this. A time out can be used to get coaching
help. The coach should not approach the table. If the referee decides
that the coach is interfering with or disrupting the match, he may
direct the coach to stay away from the match.
Designated Billiards Tables: Star Billiards Tables
11.对竞赛器材的私下认可接受 Acceptance of Equipment
the tournament or a particular match has been started, the player has no
right to question the quality or legality of any equipment provided by
the Tournament Organizer unless supported by the referee or the
tournament director; any protests must be made beforehand.
Designated Balls: CYCLOP Billiard Balls
12.选手对器材的使用 Player’s Use of Equipment
equipment must meet existing CBSA equipment specifications. In general,
players are not permitted to introduce novel equipment into the game.
The following uses, among others, are considered normal. If the player
is uncertain about a particular use of equipment, he should discuss it
with the tournament management prior to the start of play. The equipment
must be used only for the purpose or in the manner that the equipment
Designated Billiards Lights: JunYao Billiards Lights
stick – the player is permitted to switch between cue sticks during the
match, such as break, jump and normal cues. He may use either a built-in
extender or an add-on extender to increase the length of the stick.
Designated Billiards Cloth: Andy Billiards Cloth
- The player may apply chalk to his tip to prevent miscues, and may use
his own chalk, provided its color is compatible with the baize.
Bridges – The player may use up to two mechanical bridges to support the
cue stick during the shot. The configuration of the bridges is up to the
player. He may use his own bridge if it is similar to standard bridges.
Designated Cue Tips: Wild Buffalo Cue Tips
(d)手套：选手得以选择扶助握杆或手架的手套。Gloves – The player may
use gloves to improve the grip and/or bridge hand function.
(e)滑石粉：在公开宣判认为合理用量的景观下同意选手接纳滑石粉。Powder – A
player is allowed to use powder in a reasonable amount as determined by
13.迟到 Late Start
must be at the table and ready to play their assigned match at the
appointed match time. If a player is late for his appointed match time,
he will be penalized according to the way agreed before the event. If
both players are late, they will be penalized individually according to
their degrees of violation. A stricter requirement may be used for
CBSA Official website: www.cbsa.org.cn
14.发球顺序 Subsequent Break Shots
deciding who will break in racks after the first, the tournament
management may choose a procedure different from the standard one listed
in the Rules. For example, the winner may break or the players break
15.非击球选手 Remaining In Player’s Chair
non-shooting player should remain in his designated chair while his
opponent is at the table. Should a player need to leave the playing area
during matches, he must request and receive permission from the referee.
Should a player leave the playing area during the match (include times
between racks) without the permission of the referee, it will be treated
like unsportsmanlike conduct.
16.限时击球 Shot Clock
China Pool – Man & Woman Individuals
shot clock may be requested at any time during a match by a tournament
official or either player involved in that match. The tournament
director or other appointed official decides whether to use a shot clock
or not. Should a shot clock be introduced, both players will be “on the
clock” and there will be an official timekeeper for the duration of the
match. Normally there will be a warning when 10 seconds remain. The shot
clock will be started when all balls come to rest, including spinning
balls, or when the previous player leaves the table. The shot clock will
end when the cue tip strikes the cue ball to initiate a stroke or when
the player calls extension. If a player runs out of time, it will be a
17.暂停 Time out
Place & Date of Stage 1：
specified otherwise by the tournament organizer, each player is allowed
to take one time out of five minutes during matches played over 9 games.
To exercise the right to a time out the player must inform the referee
of his/her intention and make sure the referee is aware of the fact and
marks it on the score sheet.
player taking the time out should remember that his actions must be
within the spirit of the game and if he acts otherwise, he is subject to
a penalty under the Unsportsmanlike Conduct.
For The Qualifiers:
运动员报名暂停应该在局与局之间，特殊意况除了。Normally, time out is
taken between racks.
a player is suffering from a medical condition, the tournament director
may choose to adjust the number of time outs.
Date: From 13th March through 15th March 2016
referee will suspend the play promptly when conditions do not permit
fair play, until such conditions disappears. If this happened during one
rack, referee has to keep the ball on the table intact. The play will
resumes with the previous order maintained. If the table condition
cannot be maintained due to objective reasons, referee or the organizer
shall inform the player and nullify this rack, a new rack will be played
when everything is ready.
18.不当行为 Improper Conduct
the event of refusing to continue a rack, or any conduct by a player
which in the opinion of the referee is willfully or persistently unfair,
including taking an abnormal amount of time or be warned as per
described in Section 1 Rule 20 or any other unsportsmanlike conduct, the
referee shall warn the player that in the event of any such further
conduct the match will be awarded to his/her opponent.
19.对背离体育精神行为的惩罚 Penalizing Unsportsmanlike Conduct
Place for the qualifiers for the international man & woman players
and Chinese woman players will be in the First High School Stadium of
rules and regulations give the referee and other officials considerable
latitude in penalizing unsportsmanlike conduct. Several factors should
be considered in such decisions, including previous conduct, previous
warnings, how serious the offense is, and information that the players
may have been given at the Players’ Meeting at the start of the
tournament. In addition, the level of competition may be considered
since players at the top levels can be expected to be fully familiar
with the rules and regulations, while relative beginners may be
unfamiliar with how the rules are normally applied.
Place for the qualifiers for the Chinese man players will be in the
Star Billiards Club which is located in the Multiple Functional Hall on
the ground floor of Yutai International Hotel.
20.申诉规则 Protest Ruling
a player needs a decision to be taken, the first person to be contacted
is the referee. The referee will form his decision by all means that
seem suitable to him. If the player wants to protest against that
ruling, he may contact the head referee and after that the tournament
director. In any regular tournament, the tournament director’s decision
is binding and final. A deposit from the protestor is required for such
an appeal and it will be forfeited in case of an adverse final decision.
The amount of deposit will be stated on program book or clarified on the
player’s meeting before event.
Place and Date of Stage 2
player is allowed to ask for a reconsideration of a factual decision by
the referee only one time. If he asks for reconsideration of the same
matter a second time, it will be treated as unsportsmanlike conduct.
Section 2. 比赛规则 Rules of Play
Date: From 17th March through 20th March 2016
1.运动员的权责 Player’s Responsibility
is the player’s responsibility to be aware of all rules, regulations and
schedules applying to competition. While tournament officials will make
every reasonable effort to have such information readily available to
all players as appropriate, the ultimate responsibility rests with the
Place: The First High School Stadium of Yushan County
lag is the first shot of the match and determines order of play. The
player who wins the lag chooses who will shoot first.
referee will place a ball on each side of the table behind the head
string and near the head string. The players will shoot at about the
same time to make each ball contact the top cushion(the short cushion
near the spot) with the goal of returning the ball closer to the bottom
cushion(the short cushion near the string) than the opponent.
3次地下比球或不能得到胜利的比球是指，选手击出的球：A lag shot is
bad and cannot win if the shooter’s ball:
The qualifications for the players in stage 1
(a)越过球台纵轴线进入对手区域；comes into opponent’s half;
(b)未碰顶库；doesn’t contact the top cushion;
This competition is open to all of the Chinese and international man
and woman players (Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan included，hereinafter).
(c)接触顶库超越1回；contacts the top cushion more than once;
(d)球入袋或离开台面；is pocketed or driven off the table;
Chinese Man Group: The top 9–128 Chinese man players based on their
2015 CBSA China Billiard man’s rankings
(e)接触两侧库边或停留在角袋袋口并且已越过底库边线。touches the side
cushion or the ball rests within the corner pocket and pass the nose of
假使出现下列情状，选手重新比球：The players will lag again if:
Chinese Woman Group: The top 64 Chinese woman players based on their
2015 CBSA China Billiard woman’s rankings
(a)一名选手分明晚于对手击球；one player strikes too later than the
(b)球静止后判决不可能判断哪一颗球更近乎底库；the referee cannot
determine which ball has stopped closer to the bottom cushion.
The qualifications for the players in Stage 2
(c)双方都出现违法比球。both lags are bad.
3.重置球 Spotting Balls
Man matches: (64 players in total)
it is necessary to put back the ball, the referee shall make best
endeavor to put the ball to the place where it should be placed. If
there is any interfering ball, ball should be placed on the long axis of
the table as close as possible to the spot, between the spot and the top
cushion, without moving any interfering ball. If other balls block the
long axis between the spot and top cushion at all, the ball is spotted
above the spot, on the long axis, and as close as possible to the spot.
The player must accept the referee’s decision.
4.任意击球权 Cue Ball In Hand
The top 16 international man players from the qualifiers
the cue ball is in hand, the shooter may place the cue ball anywhere on
the playing 平板电脑 and may continue to move the cue ball until he
executes a shot. Players may use any part of the cue stick to move the
cue ball, including the tip, but not with a forward stroke motion.
5.线后随便球 Cue Ball In Hand Behind the String
The top 15 from Chinese man player’s qualifiers
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